Part of Southern Asia, the rich Indian culture has impressed many foreigners around the globe. Bordering with 6 other countries, Indian history and traditions go back thousands of years.
India has long been the passage between the east and west. History of India shows how time and again the country was invaded by Arabs, Chinese nomads, Persians, Greeks, British Portuguese, Turks and many other raiders, yet the true identity of the locals survived. History of India shows how these invaders left behind certain beliefs and marks, which now play a major role in the traditions of India.
With a wide range of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis living in the region, Hindustan holds a wealthy treasure of culture, traditions, customs, languages, beliefs and values. Indian culture dates back 5000 years. The famous religious festivals of Hindu mythology include worshipping of multiple gods, celebration at harvest, birth of gods, goddesses and heroes, raksha bandhan, navarathri, deepavali and diwali just to name a few.
From north to south and east to west, every state in India has a unique and diversified ethnicity and way of life. The key essence of Indian culture lies in Indian paintings, Indian dances, Indian folklore, Indian cuisine, Indian theater, Indian literature and poetry and Indian dresses. In order to understand the true essence of Indian culture, one should possess knowledge about the history of India and how Indian culture was born and is still part of the society after thousands of years.
Multiple languages are spoken in the country; the three main languages are Hindi, Urdu and Bengali. Relationships and family values play a vital role in Indian culture. Family, gurus, friends and relatives are considered very prized and are highly respected and valued.
Traditions of India
No matter which state people live in, the core traditions of India are followed by each and every Indian. Some of the major traditions of India include:
Namastee: Is the way of greeting in India.
Arati: Arati is used to welcome guests and seek the protection of Indian gods.
Garlanding: Flower garlands are offered to visitors as respect and honor.
Tilak: Is a mark on the forehead and a symbol of greetings and blessings.
Bindi: Is a red dot worn by women and girls on the forehead between the eye brows.
Mangalsutra: Is a black beaded necklace worn only by married women as a mark of being married.
Tulsi: The Holy Basil is a plant found in all Indian homes as a symbol of Hindu community.
Nose pin: A symbol of purity and marriage is now worn by many unmarried women as well.
Touching feet: Is an integral part of Indian culture. The feet of elder people are touched to seek blessings.
Sindhoor: The kukkum of India is worn by married women in the hair parting just above the forehead.
Gurudakshina: The idea of seeking spiritual guidance from a guru or learned man.
Rangoli: Is made by wet or dry paint on the floor or walls of the house on occasions and festivals.
Henna: Is applied by Indian women on hands, feet and hair to enhance beauty and is considered lucky and a must for brides.
Kajal: Kohl is applied in the lower eyelids to enhance eye beauty.